Incredible India Geography


India - the seventh largest country of the World is well marked with off from the other parts of the Asia by mountains and the sea, which gives India a distinct geographical entity. It covers an area of 32,87,2631 sq. km. lying entirely in the northern hemisphere the mainland extends measures 3214 km from north south between extreme latitudes and about 2933 km from east to west between extreme longitudes. It has a land frontier of about 15200 km. India lies between 8º4' and 37º6' north of the Equator and is surrounded by the Bay of Bengal in the east, the Arabian Sea in the west and the Indian Ocean to the south. The total length of the coastline of the mainland, Lakshwa deep group of islands and Andaman and Nicobar group of islands is 7,516.5 km.

You imagine the sort of landscape and India has this. An abundance of mountain ranges and national parks provide ample opportunity for eco-tourism and trekking, sheer by its size promises great opportunity to explore something for everyone. Beginning from north to south India extends a good 2000 miles (3200 km), where the island nation of Sri Lanka seems to be squeezed out of India like a great tear, the synapse forming the Gulf of Mannar.

Himalayas, the world's highest mountain peaks and the only Hindu kingdom Nepal as its Neighboring country dominate India's northern border. Following the sweeping Himalayan peaks to the northeast, its borders narrow to a small channel that passes between Nepal, Tibet, Bangladesh, and Bhutan, then spreads its welcome wings to meet Burma in the "eastern triangle." Apart from the Arabian Sea, its western border is defined exclusively by Pakistan which was also the part of India.

North India is the country's largest region with undulating valleys and high mountains. It begins with the states of Jammu and Kashmir, with terrain varying from arid mountains in the far north to the lake country and forests near Sri Nagar and Jammu. Moving south along the Indus River, the North becomes flatter and more hospitable, widening into the fertile plains of the state of Punjab to the west and the Himalayan foothills of Uttar Pradesh and the Ganges river valley to the East. Cramped between these two states is the India’s capital city, Delhi.

The Northern Plain, also known as Aryavarta in ancient Indian history, was the scene of the Ramayana and the Mahabharata, the great Indian epics, the seat of Buddhism and Jainism.



The colorful state of Gujarat, Maharashtra , Goa, and part of the massive, central state of Madhya Pradesh constitute of the West India. Beginning from the peninsula of Gujarat down to the Goa, the west coast is lined with some of India's best beaches. The land along the coast is typically lush with rainforests. This is a rich plain with evergreen vegetation, lovely forests, birds, wild animals and its unique culture has something substantial to offer to the touring connoisseurs. The Western Ghats separate the verdant coast from the Vindya Mountains and the dry Deccan plateau further inland.

India is the country where even rivers are worshipped and respected. This is the home of the sacred River Ganges and the majority of Himalayan foothills, Eastern part of India begin with the states of Madhya Pradesh, Orissa and Bihar which comprise the western most part of the Indian region. East India also contains an area known as the eastern triangle, which is entirely distinct. This is the last gulp of land that extends beyond Bangladesh, culminating in the Naga Hills along the border of Myanmar.

India reaches its peninsular tip with South India, which begins with the Deccan in the north and ends with Cape Comorin. The states in South India are Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, and Kerala, a favorite leisure destination. The southeast coast, mirroring the west, also rests snugly beneath a mountain range---the Eastern Ghats. India is a land of incredible diversity. This Indian diversity of the Indian population is fully complimented by the incredible physical diversity. The sixteen official languages of India, the five major religions and the population of over billion make it a colorful rainbow which makes it an Incredible India.